"World peace and global security: how to govern peace?" This subject, which is at the heat of current events, was the focus of the discussions at the Normandy World Peace Forum on 30 September and 1 October 2021 at Abbaye-aux-Dames in Caen, with a particular emphasis on the situation in Afghanistan. For the second year running, the Forum was held during a global pandemic and many people could not attend in person. We hope that this document will make this edition's discussions accessible to all. Summaries of the conferences, the debates, the interviews and the key events at the Forum have been compiled to help you to feel as if you attended this event, organised by the Normandy Region.

The Essentials are a compilation of summaries of the speeches given at the fourth edition of the Normandy World Peace Forum. The remarks made during this event do not represent the Normandy Region and do not reflect its position in any way. The summaries are not scientific articles. They include diffrent points of view and key information from each event.